||Burkina Faso has incorporated into its draft constitution
a prohibition on female genital mutilation.
||The position in Egypt is not clear. The educated community regard
the practice as having been banned by President Nasser in 1958.
Others say that partial clitoridectomy is allowed, but because
of the confusion excision and infibulation are both still practiced
in Egypt. For the most part legislation has not been effective
in eliminating or reducing the practice of female genital mutilation
in Africa, but this appears to have been due to problems of enforcement.
||In 1991, the Cote D'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) advised the United
Nations that existing provisions of the nation's criminal code
could be used to prohibit the practice.
||In 1982 Kenyan President Moi condemned female genital mutilation
and called for prosecution of those who practiced it. Kenya passed
legislation banning female genital mutilation in 1990, but various
forms of female genital mutilation are still practiced there.
||In Sudan the Ministry of Health launched a campaign against
female genital mutilation in 1946 and succeeded in getting a law
passed prohibiting infibulation but allowing sunna. The law was
primarily a response to pressure by British colonial powers and
little action was taken to enforce it.